Peratallada is one of the best examples of medieval architecture found in Catalonia, with its rural character intact and faithful to its architectural and urban origins.
The village still retains its medieval urban layout, from the square of Les Voltes with its unique arcades, to the narrow stone alleways loaded with interesting elements of popular architecture. The ground floors in the traditional houses of Peratallada are lined with stone vaults, used as stores, barns and cellars, while the upper floor is dedicated to daily life (some have a backyard or patio as well).
Peratallada’s original name was Petra Scissa, “carved stone” in Latin, as the sandstone it sits on was literally carved to build the castle, walls, and moats. During the castle’s restoration, traces of a pre-Roman settlement (Bronze Age – 6 B.C.) were found. The first documents mentioning the House of Peratallada date back to the 11th Century. At that time, Peratallada was one of the most important towns in the area of today’s Baix Empordà, but in the 13th century, it was absorbed by the nearby village of Cruïlles following the marriage of Guillema de Peratallada and Gilabert de Cruïlles.
The village is known for its well-preserved medieval architecture. Indeed, the village has maintained much of its original architecture, creating a unique and immersive experience for visitors. Highlights include the 13th-century castle, the Romanesque Church of Sant Julià, and the main square facing the church.